Update with Charlie Ward video.
Update with Charlie Ward.
Freedom of Speech
Free speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community. To articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or legal sanction. The term freedom of expression is usually used synonymously but, in a legal sense. Includes any activity of seeking, receiving, and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium used.
The right to freedom of expression is recognized as a human right. Under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Recognized in international human rights law in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Article 19 of the UDHR states that “everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference”. And “everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds. Regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing, or in print. In the form of art, or through any other media of his choice”.
The version of Article 19 in the ICCPR later amends this by stating that the exercise of these rights carries “special duties and responsibilities” and may “therefore be subject to certain restrictions” when necessary “[f]or respect of the rights or reputation of others” or “[f]or the protection of national security or of public order (order public), or of public health or morals”.
Freedom of Speech and Expression
Freedom of speech and expression, therefore, may not be recognized as being absolute. And common limitations or boundaries to freedom of speech relate to libel and slander. Obscenity, pornography, sedition, incitement, fighting words, classified information. Copyright violation, trade secrets, food labeling, non-disclosure agreements, and the right to privacy. Dignity, the right to be forgotten, public security, and perjury. Justifications for such include the harm principle, proposed by John Stuart Mill in On Liberty. Which suggests that “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised. Over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others.”